Football Penalties

During a football game, several regulations and penalties must be followed. Whether the penalty is against the offense or the defense, most football infractions result in a loss or gain of yards. The amount of yards is determined by the severity of the punishment. Most penalties are 5 or 10 yards in length, while certain personal foul penalties are 15 yards long. Pass interference can also be punished with a penalty equal to the size of the intended pass. The side that did not commit the penalty has the option to refuse it. We won’t go into every possible football infringement, but here are some of the more prevalent ones:

False Beginning:

When an offensive football player makes a move immediately before the snap, this is a penalty of five yards. It’s worth noting that one offensive back can legally be “in motion” during the shot.


Suppose an offensive or defensive player is on the wrong side of the line of scrimmage when the ball is snapped. A defensive player can cross the line of scrimmage as long as they return before the snap, but encroachment will be penalized if they contact an offensive player.


A football player without the ball grabs him with his hands, hooks him, or tackles him.

Interference in Passing:

When a defender makes contact with a pass receiver while the ball is still in the air to prevent him from receiving it, it is up to the referee to make this decision. Defensive holding occurs when contact occurs before the ball is in the air. Pass interference can be called on the offense if the defender has the position and attempts to catch the ball.


Grabbing another player’s facemask is prohibited in football to protect the players. Roughing the Passer or Kicker: After the ball has been passed or kicked, players are not permitted to run toward kickers or quarterbacks, who are extremely susceptible when throwing or kicking the ball. Intentional Grounding: A quarterback intentionally throws a pass nowhere near an eligible receiver to avoid getting sacked.

Downfield Ineligible Receiver:

During a forward pass, one of the offensive players who is not an eligible receiver is more than 5 yards downfield from the line of scrimmage.